OBL is DEAD BUT AUMF is STILL KICKING AND KILLING ASSETS!

OBL is DEAD BUT AUMF is STILL KICKING AND KILLING ASSETS!

60 Words And A War Without End: The Untold Story Of The Most Dangerous Sentence In U.S. History by Gregory D. Johnsen, Michael Hastings Fellow

http://www.buzzfeed.com/gregorydjohnsen/60-words-and-a-war-without-end-the-untold-story-of-the-most

AUMF = AUTHORIZATION FOR THE USE OF MILITARY FORCE/POWER = was written in a FRENZY in Emotional INSANITY days after 9ll to give Bush retaliatIon Power over those who PAID FOR AND ORCHESTRATED THE 9ll ATTACKS (WE NOW KNOW THAT SAUDI ARABIAN BIG OIL MONARCHS FUNDED THE AQ CONTRACTORS).

MORE THAN A DECADE LATER this FRENZIED PANIC DOCUMENT broadly-phrased remains the primary legal justification for nearly every MULTINATIONAL DEMANDED covert operation around the world.

60 HORRIBLE WORDS TOSSED TOGETHER IN FEAR AND FRENZY IN 2 DAYS”

“That the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons.”

Carl Levin (D-MI) addressed the floor, “This authorization for the use of force is limited to the nations, organizations, or persons involved in the terrorist attacks of 9ll. It is not a broad authorization for the use of military force against any nation, organization, or person who were not involved in the 9ll terrorist attacks.” + Biden Seconded his interpretation. YET TODAY IT IS USED FOR EXACTLY THAT! = Biden even said the current resolution was nothing like the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, used to justify military escalation in Vietnam for nearly seven years until it was repealed in 1971. Even Kerry said we learned No one wanted another Vietnam = Added the War Powers language. But in the rush to draft and pass the resolution, no one had managed to insert a sunset option = A time limit on the use of force.

Senator Dick Durbin (2013), “None of us, not one who voted for it (AUMF), could have envisioned we were voting for the longest war in American history, Or that we were about to give future presidents the authority to fight terrorism as far-flung as Yemen and Somalia.”

SO PARTS OF 2 DAYS in 2001 RESULTED IN A “TAKE IT OR LEAVE IT” 60 WORDS AUMF THAT SURVIVES IN LAW TO TODAY THAT LETS AMERICA PRESIDENT TOPPLE ANY GOVERNMENTS + KILL AMERICANS & OTHERS + ANY SUSPICION ALLOWS THE PRESIDENT TO ACT WITH VIOLENCE. THAT SILLY PROCESS OF A CUT AND PASTE BY AN INCOMPETENT LAWYER FOLLOWED BY NEOCONS REFINING THE LANGUAGE OVER 2 DAYS UNDER FEAR AND PANIC + PRESSURE ON CONGRESS = 13+ YEAR LAW THAT REMAINS IN EXISTENCE THAT VIOLATES ALL AMERICA WAS DESIGNED TO BE!

WAR TODAY = A MYTHICAL TARGET OF CIA TRAINED AND BIG OIL MONARCH HIRED AQ CONTRACT TERRORIST + 100s of THOUSANDS OF INNOCENT PEOPLE KILLED + NO SINGLE BATTLEFIELD + SO-CALLED ENEMIES POP-UP OUT OF NOWHERE + NO POSSIBLE VICTORY + $6+ TRILLION IN WASTE BY PENTAGON AND MIC CONTRACTOR OVERCHARGING + NO DEFINITION OF WINNING OR LOSING + NEOCONS PROMISE ENDLESS WARS + TORTURE BY USA + PEOPLE HELD INDEFINITELY WITHOUT CHARGES + DRONES KILL AMERICANS + NSA SPIES ON USA CITIZENS + DRONES KILL WEDDING PARTY INNOCENTS + USA IS BROKE + MIDDLE CLASS DECAYS AWAY + AMERICANS ARE NUMB TO THE CONSTANT LIES INCLUDING WMDs. + NOTHING TO SEE SINCE DRONES DO IT A WORLD AWAY IN SECRET + OUT OF SIGHT = OUT OF MIND + TARGETING AMERICANS MADE SOME NEWS +

USA, NOT AT WAR, in the span of a few hours launched a pair of raids in Libya and 3,000 miles away in Somalia. = ONE A KILL THE OTHER A FAILURE! USING THE AUMF as the EXCUSE more than a dozen years after 9ll and hardly anyone noticed. = This is SADDLY what America’s POLICIES looks like, Silent strikes and shadowy raids. = Congressional Research Service, an analytical branch of the Library of Congress, recently said that it had located at least 30 similar occurrences = Likely many times higher with drones strikes and other secret operations. The remarkable has become regular.

White House said operations in both Libya and Somalia were legal by AUMF authority = Authorization for the Use of Military Force = At heart of the AUMF is a single 60-word sentence, which has formed the legal foundation for nearly every counterterrorism operation the U.S. has conducted since 9ll = JUSTIFIED GITMO + Drone Strikes + Secret Renditions + SEAL raids = ALL rest on those 60 words.

FACT: What was written in a few days of TOTAL FEAR AND FRENZY (AUMF) has now come to govern DACADE PLUS of COVERT OFTEN OVERTHROW actions.

AUMF INSANITY IN ACTION:

Sunrise was an hour away as lanky 49 year old Nazih al-Ruqai climbed into his Hyundai SUV outside a Tripoli mosque he had worshipped in for 30 minutes and he turned the key. It was Oct. 5, 2013, and after more than two decades in exile, he had settled into a predictable existence of prayer and worship but his homecoming was not so smooth as he was still feeling the effects of the hepatitis C he had contracted years earlier during a stint in an underground prison in Iran.

Ruqai = Better known as Abu Anas al-Libi, A LEAD AQ CONTRACTOR, whose wife and children had returned to Libya in 2010. But Libi stayed away, wary of the man he had once plotted to kill. Only when the Libyan uprisings started in early 2011 did he follow his family back to Libya. But by then his oldest son was dead, shot while fighting for the capital. Then Qaddafi was killed weeks later in October 2011, and Libi eventually settled in Nufalayn, a leafy middle-class neighborhood in northeast Tripoli, alongside several members of his extended family. Life after Qaddafi was chaotic and messy — A FAILED new government struggled to reboot after 42 years of dictatorship, often at the mercy of the heavily armed militias/tribes that helped take out Qaddafi.

LIBI LEAD AQ CONTRACTOR helped in 1998 embassy bombings in eastern Africa = A wanted man indicted in LIBYA in 2000, along with OBL and Zawahiri, for his alleged role in AQ ’s attacks on U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania two years earlier. He knew USA could kill him at any moment his son told NYT. He had been living in the open for nearly a year, attending prayers and settling local disputes, a respected arbiter. Libi sat down with Libya’s attorney general to discuss his indictment and just wanted to move on with his life and he applied for his old job at the Ministry of Oil and Gas and was looking forward to becoming a grandfather for the first time.

BUT at 6 a.m. Libi’s wife heard a commotion and looked out a window into the street where several MASKED men had surrounded her husband, who was still in the driver’s seat of his Hyundai SUV. They shouted “Get out” and smashed the window. She saw a few faces of Libyans with guns and they QUICKLY RE#MOVED LIBI = All that was left was a single sandal and a few drops of blood.

Libi was taken to USS San Antonio ship in middle of Mediterranean Sea, far beyond the reach of any court. Three days after Libi’s confinement at sea a public defender in NYC asked a federal judge to intervene and force the government to give Libi access to legal counsel. The judge refused, saying the US GOV hadn’t actually arrested Libi – Just being detained by US Armed Forces “acting under their own legal authorities.” Until the government actually decided to arrest Libi, the judge declared, he could do nothing.

Libi = Had ZERO to do with 9ll was abducted in Libya in 2013 yet was being held under the authority of the AUMF, that explicitly targets only those who had been linked to the attacks. Libi’s health deteriorating due to a one week hunger strike so USA moved Libi off the ship and officially arrested him for his alleged role in the 1998 embassy attacks. Only then did the court appoint a lawyer to defend him.

Early that same morning 3,000 miles away in Somalia U.S. Navy SEALs crept through the darkness toward a local resident = Target was Abd al-Qadir Muhammad Abd al-Qadir, a young Kenyan known as Ikrima and the SEALs were told to go in and get him. Pre-raid intelligence suggested mostly fighters with few or no civilians were inside. The SEALs needed the element of surprise and most of the city dark due to NO electricity after midnight. But the house was running private generators. The SEALs were told to jam the internet signals to cut off communication once the raid began. But some of the fighters were up late and online, and when the internet suddenly went out in the middle of the night, they looked for reason + One or more fighter stepped outside and spotted some of the SEALs. = Early warning the SEALs were on their way and a firefight for several minutes and the Americans had to withdraw empty-handed.

USA, NOT AT WAR, in the span of a few hours launched a pair of raids in Libya and 3,000 miles away in Somalia. = ONE A KILL THE OTHER A FAILURE! USING THE AUMF as the EXCUSE more than a dozen years after 9ll and hardly anyone noticed. = This is SADDLY what America’s POLICIES looks like, Silent strikes and shadowy raids. = Congressional Research Service, an analytical branch of the Library of Congress, recently said that it had located at least 30 similar occurrences = Likely many times higher with drones strikes and other secret operations. The remarkable has become regular.

White House said operations in both Libya and Somalia were legal by AUMF authority = Authorization for the Use of Military Force = At heart of the AUMF is a single 60-word sentence, which has formed the legal foundation for nearly every counterterrorism operation the U.S. has conducted since 9ll = JUSTIFIED GITMO + Drone Strikes + Secret Renditions + SEAL raids = ALL rest on those 60 words.

USA = Unbound by time and unlimited by geography has STRETCHED the 60 word sentence + Expanded it over the past decade with new FAKED meanings and interpretations as 2 CRIMINAL USA administrations have CONTINUED TO OVERTHROW NATIONS AND LEADERS. PLUS the LIES of PROTECTING THE HOMELAND LIKE ISRAEL USES are always MOUTHED! NOW instead of AQ (CREATED BY CIA) and Taliban in Afghanistan USA used these AWFUL WORDS (AUMF) to justify COMPLETE OVERTHROWS in countries across multiple continents allowing any president to strike anywhere at anytime.

FACT: What was written in a few days of TOTAL FEAR AND FRENZY (AUMF) has now come to govern DACADE PLUS of COVERT OFTEN OVERTHROW actions.

Culled from interviews with former & current members of Congress + Staffers + Attorneys in both administrations = The story of how those 60 words came to be after 9ll with ONLY ONE Objector to their implementation + HOW USA continues to USE THIS CRIMINAL APPROACH in the world today. Begins with a lawyer and Word document = 24 hours after United Flight 175 flew into the south tower at 9:03 Alberto Gonzalez, the White House counsel, called Timothy Flanigan into his office.

With NO KNOWLEDGE OF WHO FUNDED AND EXECUTED THE ATTACKS or how many people had been killed (estimates as high as 5,000). ONLY FACT = USA was attacked and USA had to respond.

Gonzales gave a key part of that task to Timothy Flanigan, a graying, slightly paunchy 48-year-old lawyer with a background in corporate law. YES CORPORATE LAW????? Gonzales told him to draft the congressional resolution that would authorize the president to go after those responsible. Flanigan listened BUT he was out of his element (antitrust laws and regulating adult bookstores = NOTHING RELATED TO NATIONAL SECURITY or WAR.

Flanigan at least knew where to start as USA has a long history of authorizing the use of force so he needed a precedent. A Search online showed that 1991 was the last time Congress had given the president permission to act: 1991 Authorization for the Use of Military Force against Iraq and Flanigan Copy and pasted the text into a word file (Kurt Eichenwald’s best-selling 2012 book 500 Days).

Next Flanigan called David Addington, a gruff ex-CIA LAWYER, standoffish man in VP Cheney’s office. + He called on John Yoo, a 34-year-old whose legal arguments in Bush v. Gore a year earlier got him into the Bush White House. They hammered out a first draft of the resolution and faxed it to congressional leaders that evening.

FIRST DRAFT was a MESS no one liked and Congress wasn’t ready to give GW Bush a blank check to go after a UNDEFINED ENEMY. Democrats and GOP said the wording was too broad = Draft authorized the president to “use all necessary and appropriate force” both in the United States as well as abroad. WOW! Bush use the military and CIA domestically? NO WAY!

So Flanigan and Yoo spent Sept. 13 walking scared and sleep-deprived congressional staffers through the BRIEF text. Tempers frayed as Flanigan and Yoo defend the WORST FEARS THEY COULD GENERATE and Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle warned Bush to be careful of his rhetoric (WAR) and Daschle’s staffer was driving home a similar point. They wanted the NIGHTMARE resolution to adhered to the War Powers Resolution language Congress passed in Vietnam War Era to check the president’s ability to unilaterally wage war.

Working Deep into the meeting, a Leahy aides returned to the War Powers language and NOTHING had been settled. The frustration was palpable and House Speaker Hastert’s (R) chief of staff, 50 year old Scott Palmer, said, “We don’t have time for this.” Palmer’s PARANOIA was to help his BOSS second in order to be a presidential succession, and WAS HYPER ABOUT ANOTHER ATTACK. = PALMER called for a seminar next month and laid into Leahy’s aide. BUSH & CHENEY HAD KNOWN FOR 4.5 MONTHS THE AQ ATTACK WAS COMING AS CIA WAS ALMOST JUMPING UP AND DOWN WITH THEIR INTELLIGENCE! BUT PALMER ACTED LIKE THE ATTACK WAS A BIG SURPRISE TO EVERYBODY and maybe it was to him. Palmer’s edgy voice was he believed narrow thinking (LIKE NEOCONS + BUSH + CHENEY) had led to FAILURE TO ACT ON INTELLIGENCE before the ATTACKS!

Palmer (R) wanted WIDE OPEN POWER FOR BUSH NOW with WANTED ZERO THOUGHT or LEGAL EVALUATION. HE wanted BUSH to have WIDE OPEN latitude to go after WHOEVER DID THE FUNDING (WE NOW KNOW THE BIG OIL MONARCHS FUNDED IT) + PLANNING + EXECUTION OF THE ATTACKS. PALMER’S outburst got the meeting OVER QUICKER as a White House official told PALMER “Thanks for popping off. We could have been here all night.” + Late that evening the White House and Congress had a working draft.

Congressional lawyers FEARED BUSH would be allowed to strike anyone anywhere in the world at any time. = The word “aggression” would allow the president to combat terrorism on his own + Target anyone he considers a threat and say he was preempting terrorism. So Flanigan and Yoo agreed to remove the clause on the condition that they place similar language in the “whereas” section of the resolution.

Supposedly, the whereas section carried no legal weight = Existed only to provide context = So Daschle and the rest of the Democratic negotiators agreed to the deal. = 5 whereas clauses + the 60-word body + a War Powers section was sent back to a 2nd Democratic caucus of the day.

Hours earlier, a bomb threat had forced the Capitol to close for 45 minutes as security swept the building. The long days and stress were starting to take a toll. Like the rest of the country, they wanted to hit back. = “I say bomb the hell out of them,” Sen. Zell Miller (D-GA) told NYT a day earlier.

Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA), had stayed silent during the first caucus as relatively junior in Congress. But she decided it was time to speak up and she knew what she was about to say would be unpopular. = “This is still a blank check” = Faces staring back at her and undercurrent of anger filled the room. = “Let’s take a step back. We don’t know what the implications of our actions will be.” And she started to see others nod in agreement and several other members stood up to voice concerns about the dangers inherent in such a broad resolution.

BUT by the end of the meeting, the resolution, a single sentence with 60 HORRIBLE words resulted:

“That the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on 9ll, or harbored such organizations or persons in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons.”

YET USA NEVER BOMBED THE BIG OIL MONARCHS WHO FUNDED 9ll. Instead we made up OBL and a small band of CIA DESIGNED AQ CONTRACTORS to become the DEVIL and then we let OBL RUN FREE FOR A DECADE AND STARTED A WAR IN A PRIMITIVE 4th CENTURY COUNTRY (AFGHANISTAN) that CAN HARDLY FINANCE OR PLAN A PICNIC MUCH LESS A DETAILED WELL FINANCED ATTACK ON AMERICA.

PARTS OF 2 DAYS RESULTED IN A “TAKE IT OR LEAVE IT” 60 WORDS THAT HAVE SURVIVED TO TODAY THAT LETS AMERICA TOPPLE GOVERNMENTS + KILL AMERICANS & OTHERS AS THE PRESIDENT DECIDES. THAT SILLY PROCESS OF A CUT AND PASTE BY AN INCOMPETENT LAWYER FOLLOWED BY NEOCONS REFINING THE LANGUAGE OVER 2 DAYS UNDER FEAR AND PANIC = 13+ YEAR LAW THAT REMAINS IN EXISTENCE!

That was it = ONE DAY OF NEGOTIATIONS 60 HORRIBLE WORDS EMERGED = NO going back to the drawing board. = Barbara Lee (D-CA) spent much of the night on the phone deciding on how she would vote for her district = she wanted to talk.
“I can’t believe this. Am I missing something?” Her friends told her what they were hearing in California and could list pros and cons. But NOT one wanted to give advice.

Senate moved first as Minority Leader Trent Lott told Daschle his GOPers were getting restless + The White House was telling allies the resolution was ready, and with the attacks already three days in the past, Lott’s members were tired of waiting. They wanted action. SOUNDS LIKE THIS WAS PLANNED! LOTT THREATENED DASCHLE that some Republicans might start to move on their own. BUT typically this kind of thing started in the House before moving to the Senate and then to the president, with typically the House taking the lead in drafting the resolution. + OUT OF ORDER! BUT DASCHLE BROKE DOWN and when the Senate was gaveled back into session Friday morning, he was ready with the resolution. EVEN KISSING LOTTS ASSETS = “how much I appreciate, once again, the leadership of our Republican leader” = Glancing across the aisle to Lott in the mostly empty chamber. = SICKENINGLY DASCHLE says, “As he has throughout the week, he has been remarkable. We could not be where we are today, this country or this institution, without the strong partnership and leadership he has shown.” PUKE!

Daschle asked the senators to vote from their desks saying, “We want to get on the buses just as quickly as possible after this vote. They will be right down in front of the steps.” Carl Levin (D-MI) addressed the floor, “This authorization for the use of force is limited to the nations, organizations, or persons involved in the terrorist attacks of 9ll. It is not a broad authorization for the use of military force against any nation, organization, or person who were not involved in the 9ll terrorist attacks.” + Biden = Seconded his interpretation = Biden said the current resolution was nothing like the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, used to justify military escalation in Vietnam for nearly seven years until it was repealed in 1971. Even Kerry said we learned No one wanted another Vietnam = Added the War Powers language. But in the rush to draft and pass the resolution, no one had managed to insert a sunset option = A time limit on the use of force. = The legal authority Congress gave BUSH would last until Congress took it back = NO END DATE on “use all necessary and appropriate force.” = SCARY INSANITY! EVERYONE SEEMED TO WANT A REVENGE WAR AND CARED NOTHING ABOUT WHEN OR IF IT WOULD EVER END!

Daschle got the voting over in minutes = 98 FOR 0 AGAINST.

IN THE HOUSE LEE was still UNDECIDED = SHE PASSED ON THE PRAYER BUS saying, “I think I’m going to stick around.” Then Lee shifted and said, “You know what? I’m going.” Lee found a seat several rows behind the cluster of former presidents who had gathered in the front. For 30 minutes she sat silently listening to the organ and praying and crying between hymns. Nathan Baxter, a third-generation priest was a tall African-American paused briefly and said, “That as we act we not become the evil we deplore.” = THE LIGHT WENT ON IN LEE and she saw the reason she must VOTE “NO” deep in her heart she knew that was the right vote and NOW she could articulate why. Baxter’s words did it for her:

“As we act, let us not become the evil we deplore.”

Lee was as angry and heartbroken as her chief of staff lost a cousin on Flight 93, but she wanted a measured response, not a blank check for a perpetual war. + She found retaliation an AWFUL EXCUSE TO RUSH TO WAR! = BUSH and the NEOCONS wanted to strike a note of defiance, saying “our responsibility to history is already clear: To answer these attacks and rid the world of evil.” Followed by “The Battle Hymn of the Republic”:

Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored;
He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword:
His truth is marching on.

Stephen Rademaker, the House International Relations Committee’s chief counsel under normal and typical circumstance would find that under his jurisdiction to take the lead in drafting the resolution for the authorization of the use of military force. BUT the BUSH White House TOOK CONTROL of the writing, and Rademaker became a spectator. SEEMS SO PLANNED! Rademaker’s legal skills were NEVER used in drafting the resolution, but he knew it would be a historic vote.

On the House floor, Lee hastily scribbling her floor speech on loose notebook paper. She filled two pages with notes and then added a single line on a third sheet. She was ready.

REP. NORTON warned, “The language before us is limited only by the SLIM ANCHOR of its Sept. ll reference, but allows war against any and all prospective persons and entities. The point is to give the president the authority to do what he has to do, not whatever he wants to do.” = THAT “SLIM ANCHOR” was stretched to go after those who had nothing to with 9ll. = “all necessary and appropriate force.”

Barbara Lee, THE ONE REPRESENTATIVE TO VOTE NO ON THE AUMF, came to the podium and said, “I rise today, really, with a very heavy heart” as emotion cracked her voice and she started to cry. Lee struggled to regain control. A pair of deep breaths helped. = “However difficult this vote may be some of us must urge the use of restraint. Our country is in a state of mourning. Some of us must say, ‘Let’s step back for a moment, let’s just pause, just for a minute, and think through the implications of our actions today so that this does not spiral out of control.’”

Lee closed her brief remarks with Baxter’s line, the one that had convinced her to vote her heart. “As we act, let us not become the evil we deplore.”

Afterwards several of Lee’s friends begged her to reconsider her vote. “Don’t let this one vote take you out.”

House debate stretched for hours as REPS waited to publicly declare their support for use of force + Some wanted to declare war (AGAINST WHO) + some wanted to root out terrorism wherever it existed + But ALL OF THEM supported the use of force.

FINAL VOTE 420-1 (LEE ALONE) = Out of 535 elected officials in Congress, she was the only one to vote no. Lee’s father, a retired lieutenant colonel who had fought in World War II and Korea, called her soon after saying, “I’m proud of you.” That her father supported her both as a parent and as a former military officer meant a lot. = A comforting message amid the thousands of death threats and angry phone calls that flooded her office.

Sept. 18, 2001, Bush signed THE AUMF to use “all necessary and appropriate force” into law.

Sept. 25, John Yoo, A WAR CRIMINAL BY ANY MEASURE, wrote Flanigan to reestablish the preemption language Daschle and Congress had forced them to move to the whereas section during the negotiations, effectively stripping it of its legal weight. Yoo’s memo, less than two weeks later, made an end run around Daschle’s block and once again gave the idea of preemption legal cover.

YOO WRITES, “The President may deploy military force PREEMPTIVELY against terrorist organizations or the States that harbor or support them, whether or NOT they can be LINKED to the specific TERRORISTS ATTACK OF 9ll.” SEEMS PLANNED! = THE CRIMINAL YOO said the president had freedom to use his powers as commander in chief under Article II of the Constitution. = Bush administration relied on its own expansive reading of the president’s Article II authority.

Yoo = The president can “take whatever actions he deems appropriate” to combat terrorism. = Kill whomever he wants, whenever he wants, wherever he wants. = Yoo’s legal analysis restated Richard Nixon’s famous line that “when the president does it, that means that it is not illegal.” BUSH = NIXION = SAME KIND OF CROOK!

A small but outspoken group of legal scholars and experts pushed back against Yoo’s SICK idea of an unchecked executive and FINALLY Sept. 15, 2008 — 7 years to the day that the AUMF had been passed. Harold Koh, an intense 53-year-old dean of the Yale Law School with a reputation as a brilliant if grating opponent sat at the witness table in front of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Koh was characteristically outspoken, calling the AUMF a “broadly worded law” that the Bush administration had used “to justify National Security Agency surveillance, indefinite detentions, and torture of foreign detainees….The next administration, Koh said, should be very careful not to “construe the vaguely worded Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) Resolution to override existing legislation….As difficult as the last seven years have been, they loom far less important in the grand scheme of things than the next eight, which will determine whether the pendulum of U.S. policy swings back from the extreme place to which it has been pushed, or stays stuck in the ‘new normal’ position.”

The AUMF had been in effect longer than the Vietnam-era Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and there was no end in sight. Two days after Obama took the oath of office on the balcony of the U.S. Capitol building, he put Koh’s advice into action. In his testimony, Koh had recommended that “as soon as the new president takes office he should issue executive orders,” including one to close Guantanamo Bay by a certain date. AND Sitting in the Oval Office, on Jan. 22, 2009, President Obama did just that. He signed a pair of executive orders announcing his intention to close Guantanamo within a year and setting up a task force to review current cases against the detainees.

GITMO REMAINS OPEN as one of the best examples of the unanticipated power of the 60 words at the heart of the AUMF. = A science experiment gone wrong and mutated and changed over the years, sprouting new meanings and interpretations never intended when Timothy Flanigan cut and pasted the text back on Sept. 12, 2001.

2004 2 years after Bush established GITMO the 5 Supremes decided since Congress had given the president the power to kill, it must also have, at least implicitly, granted the president the power to capture and detain.

2006 Congress built on the court’s expansion by saying military commissions had jurisdiction over AQ, the Taliban, and “associated forces” = Broad category of enemies who might have talked with either AQ Contractors or the Taliban. FAR BEYOND 9ll OIL MONARCHS FUNDED THAT GO UNTOUCHED BECAUSE OF THEIR OIL = Eleanor Norton’s “slim anchor,” had finally broken loose. AUMF became a MEATAXE instead of a 9ll scalpel. The fact that the 60 words made no mention of detention authority or associated forces no longer mattered. The sentence stayed the same, only the meaning had changed.

AS BUSH ADMIN CLOSED OUT SAW THE AUMF AS A FEARFUL counterterrorism strategy built on the CRIMINAL YOO’s shaky foundation. = “All sorts of things have been hung off of those 60 words.” = The Washington Post said the Bush administration had never sought to update the AUMF because it “did not want to work with the legislative branch.”

Obama was supposed to change THE AUMF as president of hope and change, but NOTHING and, in fact, uses AUMF to justify DRONE MURDER. = OBAMA LAWYERS came up with a 93-word definition that attempted to articulate many of the expansions that had taken place in the eight years since the AUMF was passed. = U.S. was now effectively at war with the broader, catchall category of “associated forces.” Obama Government lawyers also claimed that U.S. could detain — which given legal logic meant that the U.S. could also target for killing — anyone who “substantially supported” any enemies (Failed to DEFINE what substantially supported MEANS). U.S. could also go after anyone who carried out an attack against a “coalition partner” (ALL NATO+) as well as “any person who committed a belligerent act” (NEVER DEFINED BELLIGERENT ACT). OBAMA MULTIPLIED our enemies AND OPEN WARS ON VIRTUALLY ANYONE ANYWHERE AT ANYTIME = YOO CAN HELP MAKE IT HAPPEN!

Judge Bates, GW Bush judge pushed back on the Obama government’s refusal to define either “associated forces” or “substantial support.” Both concepts drastically broadened the scope of the AUMF and who the U.S. could kill, and the judge wanted to know exactly what the government meant. Bates wrote it had become clear to him that the Obama government had no “definitive justification for the ‘substantial support’ concept in the law of war.”

Bates issued his opinion on May 19, 2009 and 2 days later Obama pledged not to repeat the mistakes of the Bush administration. Obama said, “The last eight years established an ad hoc legal approach for fighting terrorism that was neither effective nor sustainable. All too often our government made decisions based on fear rather than foresight.”

OBAMA promised change and asked Harold Koh, the Yale legal scholar, to join his administration as the legal adviser to the State Department. Koh’s new position brought him into direct conflict with another lawyer on Obama’s national security team. At 51, Jeh Johnson who had been with Obama from the beginning. Obama never forgot Johnson’s courage in breaking with Clinton or the money Johnson brought in when Obama needed it the most. Koh and Johnson were at odds as Koh represented the more liberal State Department, which typically sought to make U.S. action more palatable to its international allies. Johnson was LOYAL TO Department of DEFENSE (WAR). = They were fighting for the nature of Obama’s presidency. JOHNSON WANTED MURDER AT WILL TO HECK WITH DEMOCRACY OR MORALES + PLUSWE HAVE TO KILL THOSE TERRORISTS ON EVERY STREET CORNER KILLING AMERICANS HALF AS MUCH AS LIGHTENING IS OR FAR LESS THAN SLEEP SUFFOCATION IS!

KOH WANTED TO END GW BUSH + MIC UNLIMITED INVASION AND COVERT POLICIES! BUT HE AGREED TO WASTE ENERGY ON AQ CONTRACTORS THE BIG OIL MONARCHS KEEP GIVING $BILLIONS TO FUND KILLINGS!

AUMF was explicit in authorizing force only against those who DID 9ll. BIG OIL MONARCHS FUNDED THAT ALSO! BUT IGNORED!

9ll = PLANNED AND CARRIED OUT BY A DOZEN OR SO HIRED KILLERS BUT USA HAS KILLED MILLIONS IN IRAQ ALONE INCLUDING THE SANCTIONS = MAJORITY CHILDREN! A BIG BIG CIRCLE! UNELECTED LAWYERS IN A DC CONFERENCE ROOM MAKE life and death DECISIONS TO MURDER half a world away = Innocent people MURDERED! + Congress acquiesced AND LET UNELECTED LAWYERS gradually expand the AUMF. AUMF BLOSSOMS LIKE A TERD FLOWER AND NO ONE SEEMS TO WANT TO STOP IT! = SENATE AND HOUSE ARE BOUGHT BY AIPAC AND MIC!

VIETNAM = Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, J. William Fulbright, held a series of hard-hitting hearings in an effort to repeal the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and end the VIETNAM war. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution had passed with almost no opposition, unanimously in the House and against only two “no” votes in the Senate. Fulbright, who had initially helped sponsor the resolution, soon came to see it as an excuse for military expansion in a war the U.S. could never win.

1971 FULBRIGHT SUCCEEDED in repealing the Gulf of Tonkin resolution and John Kerry a 27 year old VET testified against the Vietnam War in a dramatic two-hour testimony that helped shape the debate over the war. Fulbright went on to lose his next election.

38 years later, Kerry refused to follow Fulbright’s path as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Kerry simply rattled cages! As Andrew Cockburn wrote in Harper’s, after Obama took office, “Kerry stopped rattling cages.”

Obama White House now uses Koh, most liberal LAWYER AGAINST Bush-era policies, to make the case Obama’s drone strikes were grounded in AUMF MUSH. = Koh said Obama based its decisions “on legislative authority granted to the president by Congress in the 2001 AUMF….construing what is ‘necessary and appropriate’ under the AUMF requires some translation.” = Gone was Koh the private scholar of 2008 who complained about the “vaguely worded” AUMF Bush used to justify everything from NSA excesses to torture. NOW KOH LOVES THE AUMF and rests Obama’s legal edifice squarely on the AUMF = Everything Obama did, he reassured “including lethal operations conducted with the use of unmanned aerial vehicles,” was legal and just under AUMF.

After Koh’s speech in 2011, some in Congress stirred briefly to life suggesting it might be time to start codifying the evolving interpretations of the AUMF to put USA on more solid legal ground in GITMO + DRONES + NSA = WHAT CRIMINALS WE HAVE IN CONGRESS!

Obama’s top aides said they never want to talk about repealing the AUMF and ending the INSTANT WARS. At FAR RIGHT-WING Heritage Foundation, Jeh Johnson explained why Obama opposed any new legislation. “I think the reason that we in this administration have concerns about efforts to do that is because at the end of the political process, what I don’t want to end up with is something less than what we thought we already had by way of legal authorities through the authorities on the books and our interpretation of our authorities that are on the books (LOVES AUMF).”

In other words, updating the AUMF, from 9ll HYPE, FEAR, AND PANIC in the hours after 9ll Attacks to something to COMMON SENSE TODAY decade+ of war, might limit the president’s options AND LEGAL GROUNDS FOR DRONE MURDER + SO MUCH MORE = MAX Flexibility TO KILL ANYTHING, ANYTIME, AND ANYPLACE. = ALL THAT LEGAL GROUND WOULD CRUMBLE AND FALL!

2013 OBAMA’s TEAM of 4 from Defense Department answered questions about the AUMF and the war against AQ CONTRACTORS FUNDED BY BIG OIL MONARCHS. 2 Claimed the 2001 AUMF and its 60 words were “adequate” for their NEEDS and we are “comfortable” with the AUMF as it was written in 2001 because it doesn’t “inhibit us from prosecuting the war against AQ and its affiliates.” AQ KILLS LESS AMERICANS THAN LIGHTENING OR ACCIDENTAL SELF-SUFFICATION. NO WARS ON THOSE!

WAR MONGERING McCain was incredulous and READ THE DARN THING in 24 SECONDS = “This authorization was about those who planned and orchestrated the attacks of 9ll” + “Here we are, 12 years later, and you’re telling us that you don’t think it needs to be updated. Well, clearly it does.” + Angus King (I-ME) said “the most astoundingly disturbing hearing I’ve been to….The AUMF is very limited, and you keep using the term ‘associated forces’ 13 times in your statement that is not in the AUMF. I assume [the AUMF] does suit you very well because you’re reading it to cover anything and everything.”

1 of the 4 Obama Defense Department members raised his hand. “Just one clarification. Certainly the president has military personnel deployed all over the world today, in probably over 70 to 80 countries, and that authority is not always under AUMF.” AMAZING SCOPE 80 COUNTRIES NOT ALWAYS UNDER AUMF! Pentagon spokesperson answer: “The list is classified and not for public release.”

AFTER THE HEARING GOLDSMITH wrote, “The hearing made clear that the Obama administration’s long insistence that it is deeply legally restrained under the AUMF is misleading and at a minimum requires much more extensive scrutiny.” + Sheehan’s public evasions raised a key question: Twelve years after 9/11, who exactly is the U.S. at war with?

May 23, 2013 Obama deliver a major national security address making a series of pledges. = “I intend to engage Congress about the existing Authorization to Use Military Force, or AUMF, to determine how we can continue to fight terrorism without keeping America on a perpetual wartime footing. The AUMF is now nearly 12 years old. The Afghan war is coming to an end. Core al-Qaeda is a shell of its former self….I look forward to engaging Congress and the American people in efforts to refine, and ultimately repeal, the AUMF’s mandate. And I will not sign laws designed to expand this mandate further. Our systematic effort to dismantle terrorist organizations must continue. But this war, like all wars, must end. That’s what history advises. That’s what our democracy demands.”

TODAY = LIKE GITMO this PLEDGE was simply more rhetoric than reality. = ZERO OBAMA STEPS MADE SINCE MAY 2013 = HE WANTS AUMF TO PROTECT DRONE MURDERS + OVERTHROWS + ……. = VERY OLD 60 WORDS OF ENDLESS UNLIMITED MILITARY POWER! BARBARA LEE (D-CA) WAS 100% RIGHT! = BLESSED BY A DEAD WORTHLESS TOTALLY BRIBED CONGRESS + 5 GOP SUPREMES!

AUMF permits virtually any military or surveillance activities. Repealing or refining those 60 words would stop the president’s KILLING options + GITMO = So engaging a Congress that BLOCKED CLOSING GITMO will PROVIDE ZERO HELP IN MODIFYING THE AUMF + Obama would have to explain to the American people WHY THE USA KEEPS OVERTHROWING GOVERNMENTS AND USING DRONES IN 70 or 80 COUNTRIES! + HE WOULD HAVE TO DEFINE WHO WE ARE FIGHTING IN ALL THESE COVERT ACTIONS.

With Afghanistan war over soon that means the Taliban are no longer to be FOUGHT and that means AUMF is even MORE OBSOLETE! + Detention authority built on AUMF as the power to detain Taliban is OVER and can be Released after 13 years. AUMF IS OBSOLETE = END IT!

WHAT DOES AUMF sentence prohibit? Out of bounds? Lawyers are UNABLE to point to a case in which the U.S. knew of a terrorist but couldn’t target him because it lacked the legal authority. Each time the president wanted to kill someone, his lawyers found the authority embedded somewhere in those 60 words.

BARBARA LEE = THE One person who did envision exactly this sort of open-ended, ill-defined war. But even now, Barbara Lee still just wants the debate Congress never had in 2001. = “Let the congressional debate begin. if people think its worth it, for whatever reason, then let their member of Congress vote for it. That’s the point.”

OBL is DEAD BUT AUMF is STILL KICKING AND KILLING ASSETS!