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1801 CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH — Ireland according to the Acts of Union of 1801 CE, was “the richest empire on the globe,” and was “the most fertile portion of that empire.” The Acts of Union made Ireland part of the United Kingdom. Executive power was given to Lord Lieutenants of Ireland and Chief Secretary for Ireland, who were loyal only to the greedy British. All those Irish given government positions were greedy land barons who cared nothing for the Irish people. Much blame can be placed on Benjamin Disraeli who said in 1844 CE, “a starving population, an absentee aristocracy, an alien established Protestant church, and in addition the weakest (BRITISH-APPOINTED) executive in the world.” Over 100 British studies of Ireland were made that knew the poverty and the potential disaster that one small crisis would cause. Studies found that, “without exception their findings prophesied disaster; Ireland was on the verge of starvation, her population rapidly increasing, three-quarters of her laborers unemployed (due to British policies), housing conditions appalling and the standard of living unbelievably low”. So what do the British do? They impose a horrible British made disaster of military evil. British Laws restricted the rights of Irish Catholics to own their land and farm it for themselves and they were not allowed to vote or hold political office. They were not even allowed to live within 5 miles of a town (when walking and a few horses and horrible roads were the transportation). They were not allowed to go to schools or enter professions so they were held in depressing apartheid conditions. Finally, in 1829 CE Irish Catholics were allowed to serve in parliament. Absentee British landlords used harsh, often Ashkenazis, rent collectors to enforce usury rent collections from the poverty-stricken peasants to assure the landlords of a regular pound of flesh. Catholics, the bulk of whom lived in conditions of poverty and insecurity despite Catholic emancipation in 1829, made up 80% of the population. The racist British constantly punished the Irish Catholics. The wealthy landowners held all the power and greed was their driving goal — Most were British with some Irish puppets that did whatever they were told — These Elitists owned a vast majority of the land and held more or less unchecked power over their tenants. For example the Earl of Lucan owned over 60,000 acres and lived in London. The rent revenue—collected from “impoverished tenants” who were paid minimal wages were intolerable. These serfs had to raise crops and livestock for the English and nothing for the Irish.

1843 CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH — The British Royal Commission, chaired by the Earl of Devon, was “perfectly one-sided”, being composed of landlords, with no tenant representation and their report three years later 1845 CE said, “It would be impossible adequately to describe the privations which they [the Irish laborer and his family] habitually and silently endure … in many districts their only food is the potato, their only beverage water … their cabins are seldom a protection against the weather … a bed or a blanket is a rare luxury … and nearly in all their pig and a manure heap constitute their only property…the laboring classes..sufferings greater, we believe, than the people of any other country in Europe have to sustain”. According to the historian Cecil Woodham-Smith, landlords regarded the land as simply a source of income, from which as much as possible was to be extracted. The Irish countryside was largely viewed by landlords as a hostile place in which to live, and absentee ownership was common; some landlords visited their property only once or twice in a lifetime, if ever. The rents from Ireland were generally spent elsewhere with noting going into the Irish economy in 1842. The ruthless, of Ashkenazi rent collectors were measured by the rent income they could extract from the serfs and were described as “land sharks”, “bloodsuckers”, and “the most oppressive species of tyrant that ever lent assistance to the destruction of a country”. These rent collectors leased large tracts of land from the landlords on long leases with fixed rents, which they then sublet as they saw fit. They would split a holding into smaller and smaller parcels so as to increase the amount of rent they could obtain. Tenants serfs that missed a payment or for having sheep (instead of grain for the English) were evicted. Tenants had no security of tenure on the land and could be evicted at any time for any or no reason, so there was no incentive to improve the property. The report said Ulster was the only place where a practice known as “tenant right” existed and tenants were compensated for any improvement they made to their holding and “superior prosperity and tranquility of Ulster, compared with the rest of Ireland, were due to tenant right”. Most serfs lived in constant fear and dread of the rent collectors. These usury rent collectors created circumstances where, “industry and enterprise were extinguished and a peasantry created which was one of the most destitute in Europe”. These serfs were supposed to survive on 1 to 5 acres of land. Holdings were so small that no crop other than potatoes would suffice to feed a family and 33+% could barely feed their families after paying the usury rent. It was then decided by the British to create a worse crisis and mass murder 1 million Irish and force anther million+ to leave Ireland for America.

1845 CE-1852 CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH CAUSED IRISH GENOCIDE or GREAT FAMINE AS BRITISH PREFER TO CALL IT — The Celtic grazing lands of Ireland had been used to pasture cows for centuries. The British colonized the Irish, transforming much of their countryside into an extended grazing land to raise cattle for British to eat beef. This caused devastating impoverishment and disenfranchisement of the Irish people. The Irish were forced to rent and farm smaller plots of marginal land where potatoes were the only crop that could be grown abundantly in poor soil. Eventually, cows took over much of the land of Ireland, leaving the native population virtually dependent on the potato for survival. The British tyranny created over time a period of mass starvation, disease, and then emigration from Ireland to America for survival. 40% of the population was reliant on potatoes for life in a poverty-stricken land. During 1845 CE-1852 CE a radical Young Ireland group seceded from the British in 1846 CE, and attempted an armed rebellion in 1848 CE. The BRITISH put down the rebellion and began total tyranny and persecution. One million Irish people died and a million more emigrated from Ireland, causing the island’s population to fall by between 20% and 25%. The intention of the British was to exterminate the Irish race (The Gael) and its Gaelic language, culture, and heritage were almost obliterated. Britain seized tens of millions of tons of grain, flour, poultry, etc. at gunpoint. 4000 vessels packed with food left the Irish with a horrible famine. These ships took their criminal theft to Bristol, Glasgow, Liverpool, and London, leaving the Irish to starve, much like what the British did to India. The Irish were dragged from their homes by the English during the genocide and families were left on the side of the roads to starve to death in harsh winter weather. The roofs of their homes were ripped off to make sure they did not return. The British called them squatters. The starving Irish were forced to build roads to nowhere by the British. Famine was a TOOL of the British during the colonial projects to destroy peoples. The Famine was a British War made disaster on the Irish and was purely a genocide. The British claim it was a potato blight to cover up their crimes against humanity. Absentee rich British landlords wanted no squatters unable to pay usury rents. The famine and its effects permanently changed the island’s demographic, political, and cultural landscape. The native Irish suffered, starved and die, while a million or more fled to America to get away from British Tyranny. Those that stayed and those that became the fleeing victims of the British impose genocide never forgot the evil of the British and it is a major part of Irish history and folk stories. Later it became a focal and rallying point for Irish nationalist movements. The Irish were made to hate the British for their ethnic cleansing. A soured strained relationship between remains between the Irish and the GREEDY BRITISH. These evil ethnic deeds created and a strong Irish nationalism and republicanism in Ireland and among Irish emigrants in the United States and elsewhere. Another example of British evil were The Corn Laws tariffs and trade restrictions on imported food and grain (“corn”) enforced in Great Britain between 1815 and 1846 designed to keep grain prices high to favor of rich greedy LAND OWNERS in England. So the Irish were kept in abject poverty.

1846 CE-1852 CE: BRITISH ROTHSCHILDS CRIME MOB PRIME MINISTER TYRANNY OVER IRISH — The British Rothschilds Crime Syndicate Russell government puppets played a role in the genocide of the Irish. John Russell, 1st Earl Russell (1792 CE–1878 CE) was UK Prime Minister (1846 CE-1852 CE & 1865 CE–1866 CE) and before that part of the anti-Irish MOB and was also part of the Secret Order of the Garter. His political theory centered in the revolution of 1688 CE which brought in the DUTCH-VENETIAN BLACK NOBILITY BANKSTERS AND WILLIAM III. He headed a government that MADE THE IRISH SUFFERING WORSE as more and more people died in the BRITISH INDUCED FAMINE that robbed food from the Irish. Russell served in the same time period Lionel de Rothschild (1847 CE–1861 CE) served and Russell was a total agent of the ROTHSCHILDS BLACK NOBILITY CRIME MOB and followed their policies of GREED AND DOMINATION OF THE MASSES. He saw the death of up to 1 MILLION Irish and the EXODUS of 1.5 MILLION MORE. From the start, accusations pointed at this EVIL MOB in government that made the IRISH SUFFER MORE. Outsiders also criticized this evil MOB as even the puppet Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Clarendon, wrote a letter to Russell in 1849 CE, urging that the government propose additional relief measures: “I don’t think there is another legislature in Europe that would disregard such suffering as now exists in the west of Ireland, or coldly persist in a policy of extermination.” The suffering was not unlike that imposed on INDIA in the 1830s CE when millions died under evil ENGLISH CONTROL and FOOD ROBBERY. Many who knew and saw it have called it an artificial famine which desolated a rich and fertile island that produced every year abundance and superabundance to sustain all her people and many more. It was the result of BRITISH MOBSTER COLD HEARTED GREED AND DOMINATION! THE BRITISH STILL LIE ABOUT IT BEING A SIMPLE “POTATO FAMINE.” Many researchers and writers single out the decision of the government to permit the continued export of food from Ireland as suggestive of the policy-makers’ attitudes. The starvation of a country full of food, and exporting it to FAT RICH ENGLISH MOBSTERS who never consider MORAL FACTORS and stay focused ON GREED! Some call that the sick structure of the British Empire with ROTHSCHILDS CRIME SYNDICATE IN CHARGE. It was epic English colonial cruelty. Today Ireland has a Holocaust mural on the Ballymurphy Road, Belfast saying, “Britain’s genocide by starvation, Ireland’s holocaust 1845 CE–1849 CE, over 1,500,000 deaths”. This made the 270,500 Nazi prison camp deaths look small by comparison. Some compare the Great Famine by the British in Ireland to the Holodomor (“hunger plague”) that took place in the Ukraine under Stalin in 1932 CE.

1847 CE-1852 CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH — Throughout the entire IRISH Famine, Ireland was exporting enormous quantities of food. 4,000 vessels carried food from Ireland to the ports of Bristol, Glasgow, Liverpool, and London during 1847 CE, when 400,000 Irish men, women, and children died of starvation and related diseases. The Irish were forced to export its cattle and calves, and other livestock. Export of bacon and ham actually increased during the Famine. This food was shipped from the most famine-stricken parts of Ireland: Ballina, Ballyshannon, Bantry, Dingle, Killala, Kilrush, Limerick, Sligo, Tralee, and Westport. A wide variety of commodities left Ireland during 1847 CE, including peas, beans, onions, rabbits, salmon, oysters, herring, lard, honey, tongues, animal skins, rags, shoes, soap, glue, and seed. The most shocking export figures concern butter. Butter was shipped in 9 imperial gallons containers and in the first nine months of 509,010 imperial gallons of butter was shipped to England. The problem in Ireland was not lack of food, which was plentiful, but BRITISH ROBBERY. These exports inflated the price of food in Ireland beyond the reach of millions of Irish. At the same time the British refused to help Ireland as they begged for railroad and improved roads and some schools for their kids. The Queen and law makers refused to help and instead sponsored 100+ worthless studies. British never helped with any of the past famines in Ireland that killed many Irish. One view of a decent member of Parliament was the government never wanted to help feed the starving Irish people, “they agree most cordially in the policy of taxing, prosecuting and ruining them.” The Irish People feared “famine day by day”, and that they attributed it collectively not to “the rule of heaven as to the greedy and cruel policy of England”. All the while the Irish watched “heavy-laden ships, freighted with the yellow corn their own hands have sown and reaped, spreading all sail for England”.

1847 CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH — The evil attack, “The Gregory clause was a vicious amendment to the Irish poor law”, by BRITISH EXPLOITERS in Tory Party. This clause in the Poor Law prohibited anyone in Ireland who held a ​1⁄4 of an acre or more from receiving relief. In practice, this meant that, if a farmer, having sold all his produce to pay rent and taxes, should be reduced, as many thousands of them were, to applying for public outdoor relief, he would not get it until he had first delivered up all his land to the landlord. This simple method of ejectment (ROBBERY) was called “passing paupers through the workhouse” — a man went in, a pauper came out. These factors combined to drive thousands of people off the land: 90,000 in 1849 CE, and 104,000 in 1850 CE. So the RICH GET RICHER AND THE POOR DIE OR BECOME USELESS TO ANYONE.

1847 CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH — William Smith O’Brien, leader of the Young Ireland party, became one of the founding members of the Irish Confederation to campaign for a Repeal of the Act of Union, and called for the export of grain to be stopped and the ports closed. The following year, he organised the resistance of landless farmers in County Tipperary against the landowners and their agents. In 1847 CE the Poor Law Amendment Act was passed which embodied the principle, popular in Britain, that Irish property must support Irish poverty. The landed proprietors in Ireland were held in Britain to have created the conditions that led to the famine. Also, it was asserted that the British parliament since the Act of Union of 1801 CE was partly to blame. The Illustrated London News in 1847 CE wrote, “There was …no abuse it (British) would not defend for them.” The Times reported the Britain had permitted in Ireland “a mass of poverty, disaffection, and degradation without a parallel in the world. It allowed proprietors to suck the very life-blood of that wretched race”.

1847 CE: BRITISH TYRANTS DROVE Seven hundred human beings were driven from their homes in one day and set adrift on the world…The horrid scenes witnessed included the wailing of women – the screams, the terror, the consternation of children – the speechless agony of honest industrious men – wrung tears of grief from all who saw them. Even the officers forced to do these evil deeds on occasion would cry like children at beholding the cruel sufferings of the very people whom they would be obliged to butcher had they offered the least resistance. The landed proprietors circled all around like vultures with threats of their direct vengeance, against these victims…in three years, nearly a fourth of them lay quietly in their graves. Seven RENT COLLECTORS were shot, six fatally, during the autumn and winter of 1847 CE. Lord Clarendon believed that the rent collectors and landlords themselves were mostly responsible for the tragedy in the first place saying that “It is quite true that landlords in England would not like to be shot like hares and partridges … but neither does any landlord in England turn out fifty persons at once and burn their houses over their heads, giving them no provision for the future.”

1847 CE-1850s CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH —- The beginning of mass emigration from Ireland began with at least 250,000 people leaving Ireland in one year alone to settle in the New World. In total between 1 million and 1.5 million people emigrated during the 30 years between 1815 CE when Napoleon was defeated in Waterloo and 1845 CE and the BRITISH attack on the Irish causing the Great Famine to begin. Western Ireland suffered the most fleeing emigrants. Younger members of families were the most likely to leave and women were about 50% of all departures. Emigration during the famine years of 1845 CE–1850 CE was to England, Scotland, South Wales, North America, and Australia. By 1851 CE, about a quarter of Liverpool’s population was Irish-born. Many of those fleeing to the Americas used the well-established McCorkell Line. 100,000+ Irish sailed to Canada in 1847 CE alone with one out of five dying from disease and malnutrition on the voyage as they were also forced into horrible living conditions waiting to be processed. The ships became known as coffin ships. Unlike the United States, Canada could not close its ports to Irish ships because it was part of the British Empire. The criminal British government placed harsh restrictions on Irish immigration to Canada after 1847 CE, resulting in larger influxes to the United States. By 1850 CE the Irish made up a quarter of the population in Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. Irish populations became prevalent in some American mining communities.

1850s CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH — The historian Cecil Woodham-Smith wrote in “The Great Hunger: Ireland 1845 CE–1849 CE” that no issue has provoked so much anger and embittered relations between England and Ireland “as the indisputable fact that huge quantities of food were exported from Ireland to England throughout the period when the people of Ireland were dying of starvation”. Ireland was forced to export food to England throughout most of the five-year famine.

1850s CE: BRITISH GENOCIDE — The famine marked the beginning of the depopulation of Ireland in UNTIL 1900 CE. By 1854 CE, A MILLION HAD DIED and between 1.5 and 2 million Irish left their country due to evictions, starvation, and harsh living conditions. Diseases like fevers, diphtheria, dysentery, cholera, smallpox, measles, diarrhea, tuberculosis, most respiratory infections, whooping-cough, typhus, typhoid, many intestinal parasites and influenza were major killers mostly due to exposure, filthy water and conditions, and starvation. Whole villages were nearly wiped out. With death and migration 3+ million Irish were genocided by the British as 25+% of Irish were eliminated. Large areas of the country became uninhabited. These crimes gave considerable impetus to the shift from Irish to English as the language of the majority. The British purposely murdered off much of the Irish folk songs and culture as many songs were lost. Social dislocation—the congregation of the hungry at soup kitchens, food depots, and overcrowded work houses—created conditions that were ideal for spreading infectious diseases such as and relapsing fever. Diarrheal diseases were the result of poor hygiene, bad sanitation, and dietary changes.

1861 CE: BRITISH TYRANNY OVER THE IRISH — “The Last Conquest of Ireland (Perhaps)”, the author said the widespread view that the treatment of the famine by the British was a deliberate murder of the Irish, and it contained the famous phrase: “The Almighty, indeed, sent the potato blight, but the English created the Famine.” The author was charged with sedition because of his writings, but this charge was dropped and he was convicted by a packed jury under the newly enacted Treason Felony Act and sentenced to 14 years in a Bermuda work camp.


The Rothschilds Crime Syndicate Owns Israel – and Directs its Genocidal Policy

The Rothschilds Crime Syndicate Owns Israel and Directs its Genocidal Policy

Rothschilds Sit Around the Israel they Created

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1770s CE-TODAY CE: Rothschilds Crime Syndicate foments ALL wars, controls all overthrows, installs presidents and prime ministers, controls AIPCA, dethrone kings, and bankrupts nations.

1850s CE-TODAY CE: From 1849 CE to today, simply put, the creation of the Zionist state Israel was the massively unjust FRENCH ROTHSCHILDS robbery of lands and shipping in of Ashkenazis to takeover the Nation.

1849 CE: ROTHSCHILDS MOB’S ZIONIST HISTORY — ROTHSCHILDS CRIME MOB PUPPETS George Gawler accompanies Sir Moses Montefiori on a trip to Palestine, persuading him to invest in and initiate Jewish settlements in the country.

1870 CE-1890 CE: KHAZARS TO ASHKENAZIS TO BLACK NOBILITY TO ROTHSCHILDS CRIME SYNDICATE — Edmond James de Rothschild funds Russian Zionist groups setting up Jewish settlements in Palestine.

1917 CE-TODAY CE: Rothschilds Crime MOB creation of Israel and Robbery and murders are massive crimes against humanity. The Ashkenazis that moved in have NEAR ZERO SEMITE BLOOD and HAVE NO RELATION TO THE BIBLICAL ISRAELIS. Therefore they have ZERO right to ROBBED PROPERTY in Palestine.

1917 CE: The Rothschilds used the British Government to create Israel in 1917 CE all they had to promise was that Americans would fight in World War I.

1917 CE: They funded Ashkenazi settlements starting in the mid-1800s CE and in the case of Israel, the Rothschilds engineered WW I to get British control of Palestine from the Ottoman Empire, and then in 1917 CE got their fellow Ashkenazi Friend Lord Balfour to have the British give Palestine to the Rothschilds Crime Syndicate, and now they brag about that criminal act. The Balfour Declaration was created as an official letter or deed to Palestine in a one page document from British Foreign Secretary Balfour to Baron Rothschild for “the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object.” But Palestine was never Britain’s to give away. and Palestinians were robbed of their lands through no fault of their own.

1917 CE-TODAY CE: Rothschilds own 80% of Israel according to Simon Schama and they built the Israeli Supreme Court and many other government buildings.

1948 CE-TODAY CE: The Rothschild Zionist white or pale Ashkenazis occupied and ROBBED PALESTINIANS forcibly evacuated and killed millions of Palestinians who lived there. Even today they are still committing genocide and run and Apartheid open air PRISON in GAZA where the Ashkenazis periodically murder thousands of CIVILIANS with carpet bombing and using snipers hiding behind walls and on roofs or in buildings.

2018 CE: Rothschilds own the MEDIA and the two major newsfeeds of Reuters and the Associated Press (AP) so they are never reported on for their deeds of the Rothschilds Crime Syndicate. They operate out of sight and The Rothschilds MOB typically operates behind the scenes. Entire years can go by without a ROTHSCHILDS story put into the World’s media.

2018 CE: Rothschilds Crime MOB control the Royal Dutch oil company, the Bank of England and the LBMA or London Bullion Market Association.

TODAY CE: The Rothschilds Crime MOB controls the governments of the US, Britain, Canada, France, Israel and more and have plans to install a ONE WORLD ORDER DICTATORSHIP!




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1956 CE: UPRISING IN HUNGARY AGAINST THE COMMUNISTS — BOOK BY DAVID IRVING – Uprising – The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 (2001)” published by Hodder & Stoughton in 1981 CE. “In Budapest, a city of two millions, the people just forgot what fear was.” — Paul Mathias, the tall, elegant foreign correspondent of Paris-Match. There is no justice in socialist legality. As Budapest’s own police chief during the uprising, Alexander Kopacsi, said, “Which man is prosecutor, and which man stands in the dock, is purely a matter of casting.” The industrial workers, with their sense of deprivation and their unrequited yearning for better living standards and free trade union activity, had powered the uprising, just as in Poland in 1980 CE they have caused their overlords the biggest headaches. Reports, compiled only weeks after the failed uprising, leave no doubt as to why these men and women, mostly in their twenties and thirties, conspired, organized, fought and indulged in other revolutionary activities, and finally fled their native country: the workers felt cheated, betrayed, deprived and persecuted by the communist “funkies” imposed on them by Moscow, by the speed-ups, wage frauds, unsafe and insanitary working conditions, and arbitrary penalties, by the burrowing of spies and informers and exhausting work methods. Economic factors were not among the primary roots of the revolt. Economic plight created despair, resentment, apathy and hatred; but it did not create that unity and that revolutionary spirit which came to be the key to the crystallization, outbreak, and initial victory of the revolt.

Click for Source Document by David Irving

As in past instances of popular uprising through nine centuries of the national existence of the Hungarians, the ingredients of decisive importance were political and emotional in nature. It is also to be observed that no revolution had ever taken place in Hungary except at times when the weakening of the power center became evident and simultaneously some prospect or illusion of outside assistance emerged. In 1955 CE-1956 CE, both the outer (Soviet) and the inner (Hungarian Communist) power center showed unmistakable signs of major weakening. Moreover, events within the orbit and pronouncements by Western statesmen – always adjusted by Hungarians to conform to their innermost desires – created illusions of prospects of practical outside assistance.

The University and Polytechnic students whose youthful eloquence and zest started the mass movement into the streets, did so out of a sense of justice, but also because of disgust at the degradation inflicted on their country behind a facade of cultural pretensions, and at the indigestible alien patterns of life being imported from across the Soviet frontier. The writers and other intellectuals joined the clamor later, belatedly making audible the long-suppressed rage of the workers and students. Hungarians say “We are a three-class society: those who have been there (prison), those who are there (prison), and those who are heading there (prison).” This sense of public grievance, of impotence at the hands of the communist funkies, powered the initial phases of the uprising.

What happened in Hungary was not a revolution but an insurrection or uprising. When it began it was spontaneous and leaderless, and it was truly a movement of the masses bound by one common hatred of Communists. Many of the rebels held communist Party membership cards, but were workers or peasants. The uncanny feature was that it resembled the classic Marxist revolution, it was fed by conditions which Karl Marx had always predicted would result in revolution, and it was led by the workers, the very stratum which he had expected would take the revolutionary lead. The parallels with what happened in Poland in the late summer of 1980 CE are striking; the exception is that this summer the workers were subdued by flattery and promises of reform instead of the past decades the Marxist Communists turning their machine guns on the workers from whom they villainously claim to draw their mandate. The Hungarian uprising was crushed by a man who became instantly one of the most reviled men in his country. By 1981 CE he became one of Hungary’s most genuinely popular citizens, Janos Kadar — A life of many contradictions, which cannot only be explained by his subservience to Moscow’s fickle whim. Initially, he said he was part of the uprising, but he was part of its government. He called the uprising one month later a “mass movement”. But soon he shifted to harder ground saying, “A counter-revolution began in Hungary on October 23rd, 1956 CE, in exactly the same way as it did on August 2nd, 1919 CE.” He then put Hungary through a period of savage repression, which culminated in the execution of the (other) “accomplices of Imre Nagy (re-Communist leader of Hungary)” in 1959 CE. By that time seeing such EVIL BARBARITY freedom loving subjects had finally accepted that there was to be no escape from the Soviet Crime MOB and that Western powers had written them off and that they must make the best life they could for themselves under Marxist bureaucratic rule.

Kadar played his part in this, declaring as his aim in the early 1960s CE, “We must win over every section of our people for the reconstruction of our country.” The Party’s monopoly on high office was abolished. Once, he told workers in Budapest, “The West attacks us because of our one-party system. They are right. We Communists must work as though there was a twenty-party system, with a secret general election every day. That’s the only way to win popular support.” He made a clean sweep of a quarter of the Party incompetents, and in 1962 CE he dismissed twenty-five former Party hardliners from the membership and began the rehabilitation of victims…”. More important, Radar’s party adopted a policy, “Anybody who is not against us, must be for us,” he said. In 1963 CE the last street-level participants in the uprising were amnestied. In 1970 CE, the ministry of the interior gave notice that the police were no longer to act as “ideological watchdogs”, and nowadays most Hungarians are freely able to obtain passports and visas to travel to the West.

The reactions of the Western powers and United Nations. How was it that Dwight D. Eisenhower, despite his frequent campaign promises in 1952 CE to liberate the Soviet satellite nations, offered nothing beyond pious expressions of his nation’s sympathy when the uprising began? What was the role played by Radio Free Europe and similar CIA-financed transmitters? Why did the US delegate at the United Nations deliberately delay UN action? In 1980s CE Documents released under the Freedom of Information Act from the secret files of the State Department, the National Archives and the Eisenhower Presidential Library filled in some of the answers. Most illuminating were the banal telephone conversations between the White House and State Department during the crisis. It appears that, just as in May 1940 CE the miracle of Dunkirk occurred because it never dawned on Adolf Hitler until too late, that the British army was decamping, so in November 1956 CE the complete breakdown of communications from Budapest left Washington in the happy belief that the uprising had triumphed, that the Russians were pulling out. Frank G. Wisner, the leading CIA official responsible for Central European operations, hurried from Washington to Vienna on November 7th and stayed there five days optimistically reporting to Vice-president Richard M. Nixon: “From many quarters today comes the dismal pronouncement that we failed to save Hungary, that Hungary lost the revolution. Tragic though it was in its immediate effects, the brutal use of Soviet force to crush the brave rebellion of the Hungarian people against their oppressors has stripped the Communist system of its last pretense of respectability and has taught the free world lessons which it will never forget.” Wisner was whistling in the dark, and he knew it. For a long time he worried about how the West had muffed this opportunity, then he took his own life in depression. On no occasion since the end of the Second World War have words or diplomatic actions alone persuaded the Kremlin to abandon a military intervention on which it has decided. Fact is Communist intellectuals played NO glorious role either before or during the 1956 CE uprising.

For students of revolution and insurrection, it was confirmed that the sudden and unexpected possession by the demonstrators of arms and ammunition – captured from arsenals or handed over by disloyal troops – that destabilized a manageable situation in 1956 CE. In 1976 CE after the armies of Western newspaper men who roamed through revolution-torn Hungary left the ringleaders who had survived or evaded deportation, and escaped the hangman and the firing squad provided notebooks and diaries of that horrible time in 1956 CE. In them was listed all the dictator’s cronies and their secret communist numbers, K-line, called the kisbugo or “little-buzzer” because of its distinctive soft ringing tone. The list included all the super-elitists, the names of Apro, Acs, Bata, and of the hated Party chief Ernest Gero, still alive somewhere in Budapest, listed too were Hegediis, Hidas, Kovacs, Matolcsi, Mikes, Piros, Szalai, Veg, and of course Rakosi himself. One entry under “S” for Stalin had two business phones and one top-secret K-line number, “358”. The bulk of the names had been anglicized for example Aczel, Thomas – 35, Jewish, Stalin prize-winning author, journalist and Communist Party secretary to the Writers’ Union; escaped to USA, Andies, Elizabeth – 54, Jewish, dialectician, director of the Party School, married to Andrew Berei, 56, Jewish, economist, chairman of the Planning Office. Apro, Antal – 43 , Jewish, Communist trades unionist who became deputy prime minister. One of Hungary’s most durable politicians, Benke, Valeria – 36, Jewish, director of Hungarian radio broadcasting; became Politburo member in Budapest, Boldizsar, Ivan – 44, Jewish, diplomatist, professional journalist, editor of Monday News and other Party journals, Dery, Tibor – 50, Jewish, prize-winning novelist and long-serving Communist, Erdei, Francis – 45, Jewish, a deputy prime minister, Erdos, Peter – Jewish, radio journalist, became prosperous Budapest manager, Farkas, Michael – 52, Jewish, Stalinist minister of defense under Rakosi, Fazekas, George – Jewish, leading former Soviet partisan Party journalist, Gero, Ernest – 58, Jewish, many years in Soviet exile, machinations in Spanish Civil War, ministerial posts in Hungary after the Second World War, deputy prime minister 1955 CE to 1956 CE, succeeded Rakosi in July 1956 as general secretary (leader) of the Hungarian Communist Party. Escaped during uprising to Moscow, returned in disgrace in 1960 CE, …… and on and on. The vast majority were Ashkenazis and communists, of course.

Paul Mathias, the tall, elegant foreign correspondent of Paris-Match in 1956 CE immediately following the Uprising experienced a crisis situation that describes the panic and driving force. Mathias’s mortally wounded photographer Jean-Pierre Pedrazzini, who did not know how badly he was hit forced a smile and said, “I may still make a good photo editor yet!” The stretcher bearing Pedrazzini was wedged into the cockpit of the Red Cross plane. His stomach had been torn open by the gunfire in the battle for the Communist headquarters on Republic Square. A medical student held up a bottle of blood plasma, silently glad that this flight was saving his own life too. In the hospital in Budapest, Pedrazzini had seemed at first to be mending, then he faded into a coma. Once he murmured, without opening his eyes, “Is Mathias there?” He must have heard again the cultured voice of their friend, the actress Philippine de Rothschild, pleading with him by telephone a few days earlier: “Don’t let Mathias go in!” She was Paul’s best friend. Pedrazzini had comforted her: “Don’t worry. I’ll bring him back alive to you.” Philippine Mathilde Camille, Baroness de Rothschild (1933 CE-2014 CE) was the owner of the French winery Château Mouton Rothschild and she acted under the stage name Philippine Pascale. She was the only daughter of the vintner Baron Philippe de Rothschild, a member of the Rothschild banking dynasty. “Is Mathias there?” he said again, and the student reassured him: Mr. Mathias was in the plane with him. Jean-Pierre drifted off again; in a way he was bringing back his friend just as he had promised: alive. On the day that Pedrazzini died, the French President Coty sent for Paul Mathias, and asked him: “Monsieur, you are now a French citizen, but once you were a Hungarian. Tell me what happened?” Mathias replied, “In Budapest, a city of two millions, the people just forgot what fear was.” “And in what spirits are they now?” “It would be wrong to speak of a nervous breakdown, it was a break-up, Monsieur le President. They just went wild. An entire city, a whole country went mad with exasperation!”