ISRAELI-US DEATH CAMPS FOR GERMANS FOLLOWING WW II – EISENHOWER DEATH CAMPS
Eisenhower’s Rhine-Meadows Death Camps – Documentary
3.4 million German prisoners at end of WW II = 19 Rheinwiesenlager or Rhine meadow death camps for Germans were Fenced in the Allied-occupied part of Germany by the U.S. Army. As many as 1 million died in these death camps from starvation, exposer to elements, and lack of water.
Eisenhower called them Prisoner of War Temporary Enclosures (PWTE), with millions kept from April until September 1945.
Eisenhower designated them as Disarmed Enemy Forces not POWs in March 1943 to avoid logistical problems adhering to the Geneva Convention (1929). Horrible treatment. Canadian historian James Bacque says as high as 1,000,000 died from starvation, dehydration and exposure to the weather elements because no structures were built inside the prison compounds. — OPEN AIR FIELDS OF DYING PEOPLE.
All captured soldiers no longer have the rights of prisoners of war guaranteed by the Geneva Convention because they belonged to a State that ceased to exist.
Camps were to stop any German insurgency following May 1945 surrender.
Location of Rheinwiesenlager
A2 Remagen (the Golden Mile)
A11 A14 Andernach
A7 A15 Biebelsheim
A3 Bad Kreuznach
Camps started in April 1945 and ended September = Open farmland close to a village with a railroad line enclosed with barbed wire and divided into 10 – 20 camps, each with 5,000 to 10,000 men. Prisoners had to dig holes in the earth by hand in which to sleep. The camps were grossly overcrowded at double planned capacity. = “Some of the enclosures resembled Andersonville Prison in 1864”.
Americans transferred internal control of the camps over to the Germans. All administration such as doctors, cooks and work forces were all undertaken by the prisoners. Even the armed guards were former troops. Armed Forces Order Troop received extra rations for preventing escapes and keeping order in the camps. In June 1946, these military police would be the last German soldiers to officially surrender their arms.
June 1945 British took control of two Rheinwiesenlager camps and on July 10, 1945 halted all releases after French took control over of the camps. Charles de Gaulle wanted 1.75 million prisoners of war for forced labor in France. But roughly 182,400 prisoners were given to France.
By Sept 1945 nearly all camps had been closed. But one camp remained open until 1948 serving as a transit camp for German prisoners released from France.
The exposed conditions of camps caused high death rates. Allies prevented the Red Cross from visiting prisoners in any of the camps until most of the camps were closed or closing. Finally in February 4, 1946 the Red Cross was allowed to send relief to those in the U.S. run occupation zone. They found the German prisoners of war detained in appalling conditions.