— Thomas Jefferson

10 FOUNDERS = John Adams, Samuel Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, John Marshall, George Mason, and George Washington. + Influential women as Abigail Adams, Dolley Madison, and Mercy Otis Warren.

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Core values embodied in the political institutions of the United States:

United States was not founded on a common ethnicity, language, or religion.

USA = Founded on a set of beliefs and convictions, what Thomas Jefferson described as self-evident truths, that were proclaimed in 1776 and then embedded in the Bill of Rights of the Constitution.

To become an American citizen = NOT bloodlines or genealogy BUT embracing the values established in our Founding Documents = The “original intent” of the framers = Our legal traditions.

Thomas Jefferson = Author of much of the Constitution

American Founders were real men, not fictional legends = Achieved much = Created the first modern nation-state based on liberal principles = Democratic principle that political sovereignty in any government resides in the citizenry (NOT MONARCHY or TOTALITARIANS or EXECUTIVE or CONGRESS or MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS or MONOPOLIES) + Economic productivity depends upon the release of individual energies in the marketplace + A strong Federal Government + The judicial principle that all citizens are equal before the law + Equal Opportunity.

Founding Fathers 4 Great Achievements = Won Revolutionary War + First large-scale republic + Legitimate opposition to rulers + Legal separation of church and state

Founders’ failed to act decisively on slavery and on indigenous people = Many of the Founders mistakenly believed that slavery would die a natural death. = They did not foresee the cotton gin and the subsequent expansion of the “Cotton Kingdom.” + A threat of secession by the states of the Deep South = Haunted by the spectre of a free African American population actually outnumbered whites. = A biracial American society = Jefferson said the Founders held “the wolfe by the ears” and could neither subdue him nor afford to let him go. = Abraham Lincoln eventually made the decision that, at terrible cost, ended slavery forever, he did so in the name of the Founders.

Founders failed to implement a just policy toward the indigenous inhabitants of the North American continent = In 1783 100,000 American Indians east of Mississippi = 100,000 white settlers lived west of the Alleghenies = by 1800 500,000 whites moving relentlessly westward. = FAILED the moral question: How could the legitimate rights of the Indian population be reconciled with the demographic tidal wave building to the east? = NO official policy of Indian removal east of the Mississippi was formally announced and implemented until 1830. = “the seeds of extinction” = In 1790 George Washington signed The Treaty of New York with the Creek tribes = A new model for American policy toward the Indians never took off to save the Indians in American Indian enclaves or homelands east of the Mississippi. = George Washington observed caustically that nothing short of “a Chinese Wall” could protect the Native American tribes from the relentless expansion of white settlements.

Founders achievements took a backwoods province on the western rim of the Atlantic world (No epicenter of learning and culture) somehow produce thinkers and ideas that transformed the landscape of modern politics. = Special conditions favorable to the creation a Unique Movement that was “post-aristocratic” and “pre-democratic.” = American society was open to talent NOT based on hereditary bloodlines = Anyone could serve in public life based on merit rather than genealogy = Benjamin Franklin who would have languished in obscurity in London to lead.

Founders achievement = Crisis-driven pressures brought talent to the surface = Jefferson concluded the Declaration of Independence by proclaiming that all the signers of the document were wagering “our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor” on the cause. The founding era was a all-or-nothing moment in which only those with uncommon conviction about the direction in which history was headed could survive the test. = NO lukewarm patriots = Only leaders with the hard resolve were selected.

Founding Fathers with Washington as lead was led by multiple faces and multiple meanings that managed to coexist without ever devolving into a unitary embodiment of authority. = A pluralistic or diverse conception of governance by the founding generation. = Founders agreed that American independence from Great Britain was nonnegotiable + That New government must be a democratic republican but widespread disagreement on other issues was common = Dramatic debates = Resulted afterwards in a strong central government + unfortunately the Bank of the United States + an American foreign policy of limited engagement. = Distinctly argumentative debates made all convictions subject to strong scrutiny = Led to many checks and balances in the Constitution + Enshrinement of arguments that generated a dynamic and wholly modern version of political stability.

Declaration of Independence = Mentioned “Nature’s God” and the “Creator”
Constitution = No reference to a divine being or religion
First Amendment explicitly forbade the establishment of any official church or creed.
Clear legacy of Founders = Insistence that religion is a private matter = NOT State

Recently Christian advocacy groups = Enlist Founders in to support their Goals = No easy task since the founders were opposed to the clergy’s propaganda. = Most of the Founders were compulsively about preserving everything they wrote to leave a written record that would assure their secular (NO RELIGION) immortality in the history books. = The only afterlife that the Founders considered certain was in the memory of subsequent generations.

Founding Values of America = “We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our property, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

Founding Values of America = “form a more perfect union” = British king was abusing the power and authority that he had over the people in AMERICA. The main reason for the colonists leaving was to gain religious freedom. However, the other purpose was to be able to protect and further their own rights and interests free from a dictatorial monarchy. The colonists who broke away did so because they wanted to be a part of a nation that would allow them to freely practice their faith(s). The “more perfect union” for these colonists was to form a limited government that would be for the people and by the people (NOT ARTIFICIAL CORPORATE FAKERY).

“Establish Justice” = Colonists wanted a fair and equal system of rules and laws (NOT TWO SETS OF LAWS – ONE FOR RICH AND ANOTHER FOR THE 99.9%). Justice for the American people = Fairness and Equality for ALL. As Abraham Lincoln states, “We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness.” The reason why there was a need to have justice as one of the corner stones of the Preamble was because these colonists were use to a King (CORPORATE RULER) who had ABSOLUTE CONTROL and POWER and DID NOT USE THAT POWER FOR THE GOOD OF THE PEOPLE. “For justice to be true justice, it must be fair. It must be administered equally and exactly to all.” (The Making of America, p. 239).

“When a government protects the rights of its people and provides an adequate remedy for those whose rights have been violated, then that government is providing equal justice for all.” — W. Cleon Skousen. The Founders of the United States of America looked upon the history of Rome, Athens and Great Britain and the wanted to establish a government that has a SENSE OF JUSTICE AND CARE OF THE COMMON GOOD OF ALL MEN. Thomas Jefferson makes this important point, “When one undertakes to administer justice, it must be with an even hand and by rule; WHAT IS DONE FOR ONE MUST BE DONE FOR EVERYONE IN EQUAL DEGREE.” (The Making of America, p. 241).

“When insuring domestic tranquility:” there should be a peaceful society where even the common people are protected from unlawful acts done by others. Insuring domestic tranquility is (the fact they wanted peace)! They did not want to be at war with their government as they were always fighting and going against the King of England. They wanted a nation where the people had not only the right to freedom but also the right to speak out against the government and for the people to have a voice.

“Providing for the common defense:” the government would, if needed, seek to protect its citizens from any attack from another country or nation or (CORPORATE) enemy.

“By promoting the general welfare:” a free society would be created. Within this free society; any PERSON whether poor or rich would have the opportunity and rights outlined in the Declaration of Independence which are, “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” Notice the word “Promote” is used here…. Not only is it the government’s job to insure that every person receives “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” but it also their job to “Promote” and allow for there to be equal opportunity for All.

“Securing the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity:” allows freedom to be given to every person. Americans are free to choose where they live, work, believe, their faith, have their own actions, and not allowing their own rights to interfere with the rights of others.

Franklin Roosevelt on “The Four Freedoms” = “This nation has placed its destiny in the hands, heads, and hearts of its millions of free men and women, and its faith in freedom…Our strength is in our unity of purpose.” Our ultimate goal and purpose, no matter what party you represent, race, background, poor, or rich should be: to aid the common needs of the common people of the United States of America!

If we hold to the values of our past: as a country, a nation, a people, and As Americans…..there is more that our founding fathers would want us to do. Our government was not created to be a “hands-off” government, BUT a “hands-on” government for the common good of ALL people!

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