TIMELINE OF TALMUDS! YES THERE ARE TWO PRIMARY AND MANY OTHERS!
TALMUD = RABBIS 30 VOLUME FULL EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM! WHAT? YOU WANT I SHOULD WORK FOR A LIVING?
1,313 BCE (BIBLE ONLY) Moses teaches the Torah to the 70 elders followed by Mystical teachings passed down from the very earliest generations, even prior to receiving from Moses and the burning bush. The Oral Torah was passed down 1,380 years into what is now the Written Torah (done in 70 AD). According to Jewish tradition, the Oral Torah was passed down orally from generation to generation until its contents were finally committed to writing following the destruction of the Second Temple in around 200 AD. In 1,523 AD the first complete printed edition of the Babylonian Talmud was distributed to mostly rabbis (took 2,000+ years to record in text).
250 BC-625 AD: Talmud Timeline — Chazal or Ḥazal refers to Jewish sages (rabbis) from the Second Temple to 625 AD. Rabbi Writing Talmud Eras:
Pre-200 AD: Zugot – Original scholarship was oral & highly variable without the benefit of writing
200 AD: Tannaim – First rabbi written document
500 AD: Amoraim
625 AD: Savoraim
1050 AD: Geonim
1500 AD: Rishonim
To TODAY: Acharonim as rabbis are still pumping out new LAWS & hate speech.
70 AD-200 AD: ORAL & HIGHLY VARIABLE TALMUD — With Roman destruction of the Second Temple there was a flurry of legal discourse and the old system of oral scholarship could not be maintained. It is during this period that rabbinic discourse began to be recorded in writing and by 200 AD The Mishnah Rabbi written HATE SPEECH and Talmudic LAWS (Instructions) were compiled in a written compendium of rabbis’ Judaism’s Oral Torah with Rabbi Judah given credit.
200 AD-500 AD: TALMUD — Babylonian Talmud was mostly produced around 200 AD-500 AD in reaction to the New Testament and is 63 essays (517 chapters) making up the central text of Rabbinic HATE SPEECH compiled during the post-biblical periods in the Talmudic academies following the Babylonian Rabbis HATE SPEECH. Jewish sources used the term “Babylonia” long after its geopolitical obsolescence. Written by Rabbis in Hebrew and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic and contains laws about sex with children 3 to 9 years old and orders to cheat & Kill NON-ASHKENAZIS who the RABBIS consider NON-HUMAN and lower than a dog. The Rabbis mostly produced these hate-filled tombs around 200 AD-500 AD in reaction to the New Testament as Christianity became popular! By far the best known commentary on the Babylonian Talmud is that of Rashi (Rabbi Solomon ben Isaac, 1040 AD-1105 AD), but rabbis still add to the 30 volumes of laws and hateful writings often quoted by rabbis today that call for killing NON-ASHKENAZIS.
200 AD: TALMUD — The Mishnah Rabbi written HATE SPEECH Talmud LAWS (Instructions) = Written compendium of Rabbi Scum written Judaism’s Oral Torah. The Mishnah is a compilation of legal opinions & debates and are brief & terse. Laws are sequenced by subject matter instead of by biblical context as rabbis drift farther from the Old Testament books. It pretends to be far better than the Old Testament. Talmudic statements cover two categories: #1 Jewish laws and practice #2 Interpretation of the Books of the Old Testament, how to preach & teach, and covers Talmudic ethics. The excuse for the poor quality of the early Talmuds is they were so persecuted they could not write anything better.
325 AD: TALMUD — By this time Christianity had become the state religion of the Roman Empire and Jerusalem the holy city of Christendom. In 325 AD, Constantine the Great (272 AD-337 AD), the first Christian emperor, said “let us then have nothing in common with the detestable Jewish crowd.” Constantine the Great ruled from 306 AD to 337 AD.
425 AD: TALMUD — Theodosius II, The Eastern Roman Emperor (408 AD-450 AD) ordered work on the Jerusalem Talmud be limited. Theodosius II is well known for starting the Theodosian law code, and for the construction of the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople.
431 AD: Christian Schisms — Nestorianism by Nestorius (386 AD-450 AD) emphasized a distinction between the human and divine natures of the divine person, Jesus and said Mary was not to play a central role in the church so he was in conflict with other church leaders and his teachings were eventually condemned as heretical causing the Nestorian Schism. Nestorius’s supporters relocated to the Sasanian Empire, where they affiliated with the local Christian community, known as the Church of the East. A similar schism involved Eutychianism and the Oriental Orthodoxy.
450 AD-550 AD: TALMUD — The Talmud is Rabbi written LAWS — Rabbinic tradition holds that the people cited in both Talmuds did not have a hand in its writings; rather, their teachings were edited into a rough form around 450 AD (Yerushalmi) and 550 AD (Bavli). Talmud is sometimes called Shas or shisha sedarim meaning “six orders.” – All refer to post-biblical periods during which the Talmud was being compiled. Neither the Jerusalem nor the Babylonian Talmud covers the entire Talmud and are very different. The editing of the Babylonian Talmud was superior to that of the Jerusalem version and again the excuse is persecution. Later rabbis accepted the Babylonian Talmud as binding but often ignored the inferior Jewish Talmud when they disagreed.
500 AD: Babylonian TALMUD — Babylonian Talmud compiled 60 miles south of Baghdad (Iraq) then called Mesopotamia and includes parts of the 200 AD Mishnah and resulted in the 500 AD Gemara. Tradition ascribes the compilation of the Babylonian Talmud in its present form to two Babylonian rabbis Rav Ashi (375 AD-427 AD) & Ravina II (died 475 AD) who finished the document.
500 AD: TALMUD — The Gemara Rabbi written HATE SPEECH building on the Mishnah (200 AD) LAWS and related ORAL HATE SPEECH the Rabbis wrote down. Filled with rabbis LEGAL theories and you can see why they dominate the legal system as that is their only focus. Two separate works of the Talmud were created in two separate locations in 200 AD and in 500 AD. The excuse for the poor quality of the early Talmuds is they were so persecuted they could not write anything better.
1100s AD: TALMUD — Best known Rabbi commenting on the Babylonian Talmud was French rabbi Solomon ben Isaac (1040 AD-1105 AD) and is a rambling coverage of almost the entire Talmud.
1230s AD-1242 AD: TALMUD — Full-scale attacks on the Talmud took place as Nicholas Donin, a Jewish convert to Christianity, pressed 35 charges against the Talmud to Pope Gregory IX by translating a series of blasphemous passages about Jesus, Mary or Christianity. There is a quoted Talmudic passage, for example, where Jesus of Nazareth is sent to Hell to be boiled in excrement for eternity. The Talmud also permits Jews to kill non-Jews. This led to the Disputation of Paris, which took place in 1240 at the court of Louis IX of France, where four rabbis. The Disputation of Paris led to the condemnation and the first burning of copies of the Talmud in Paris in 1242.
1230 AD: TALMUD — Medieval Ashkenazis produced another major RABBI REPORT known as Tosafot to explain contradictory statements in the Talmud and contradicts Solomon ben Isaac.
1235 AD-1863 AD: TALMUD — Tosafot rabbi commentary on Talmud by Rabbeinu Tam and his pupil and relative Isaac ben Samuel ha-Zaḳen (RI) of Dampierre and Isaac was succeeded by his pupil Samson ben Abraham of Sens about 1235 as they enriched the literature and compiled them into the group known as the Tosafot of Sens and were published at Warsaw (1863). The tosafistic period extended through more than two centuries. When the French brought about the destruction of the Talmud, the writing of tosafot in France soon ceased but survived. This Tosafot contains the line, “If a Jew be called upon to explain any part of the rabbinic books, he ought to give only a false explanation. Who ever will violate this order shall be put to death.” It also appears in a Halachic Midrash called the “Mechilta.” The Children of Israel were at war and this is describing a wartime policy of not sparing with the enemy or you may fall into their hands. The Tosafot commentary refers only to times of war.
1263 AD-1264 AD: TALMUD — The Talmud was the subject of the Disputation of Barcelona as Pablo Christiani made an attack on the Talmud that resulted in a papal bull against the Talmud and in the first censorship, which was undertaken at Barcelona by a commission of Dominicans, who ordered the cancellation of passages deemed objectionable in 1264.
1342 AD: TALMUD — The oldest known full manuscript of the Talmud, known as the Munich Talmud was criticized for containing anti-Christian or anti-Gentile content, absurd or sexually immoral content, and falsification of Old Testament scriptures.
1413 AD-1415 AD: TALMUD — The Disputation of Tortosa as Geronimo de Santa Fé brought forward a number of accusations, including the fateful assertion that the condemnations of “heathens” and “apostates” found in the Talmud were references to Christians saying to kill them. In 1415, Antipope Benedict XIII, who had convened the Tortosa disputation, issued a papal bull forbidding the Jews to read the Talmud, and ordering the destruction of all copies of it.
1500s AD-1600s AD: TALMUD — Ashkenazis founded pilpul, a method of studying the Talmud through intense textual analysis using intellectually dishonest hairsplitting by Jacob Pollak (1460 AD–1541 AD) and Shalom Shachna and reached its height in 1500s AD-1600s AD in Poland and Lithuania. By the 1700s, pilpul study waned.
1520s AD: TALMUD — Solomon ben Isaac (1040 AD-1105 AD) commentary has been included in every edition of the Talmud since its first printing by Daniel Bomberg in the 1520s.
1520 AD-1523 AD: TALMUD — Bomberg Talmud was first printed in Venice by Daniel Bomberg (1520 AD–1523 AD) with the support of Pope Leo X (1513 AD-1521 AD), who was a Medici Pope & a sexual pervert known to take advantage of handsome boys under his control. So we know a CATHOLIC POPE ADVOCATED FOR THE TALMUD and this is simply AMAZING for the time, but then we know Emperor Leo IV was a Khazar-Ashkenazi and all the Medici Popes were also Khazar-Ashkenazis. In addition to the Mishnah and Gemara, Bomberg’s edition contained the commentaries of Rashi and “Tosafot.” Bomberg’s edition was considered relatively free of censorship.
1520 AD-1523 AD: TALMUD — Charges were made by the convert Johannes Pfefferkorn, a Dominican with the emperor and the pope acting as judges became in the eyes of some a precursor of the Reformation. An unexpected result of this affair was the complete printed edition of the Babylonian Talmud issued in 1520-1523 by Daniel Bomberg at Venice, under the protection of a papal Khazar Leo X, a known sexual pervert.
1553 AD-1565 AD: TALMUD — After thirty years of the Khazar Medici Leo X run Vatican first permitting the Talmud to appear in print, undertook a campaign of destruction against it and on the New Year, Rosh Hashanah (September 9, 1553) the copies of the Talmud were confiscated in compliance with a decree of the Inquisition and were burned at Rome, in Campo dei Fiori. Other burnings took place in other Italian cities, such as the one instigated by Joshua dei Cantori at Cremona in 1559. Censorship of the Talmud and other Hebrew works was introduced by a papal bull issued in 1554; five years later the Talmud was included in the first Index Expurgatorius; and Pope Pius IV commanded, in 1565, that the Talmud be deprived of its very name. The convention of referring to the work as “Shas” (shishah sidre Mishnah) instead of “Talmud” dates from this time. This resulted in Ashkenazis editing of the Talmud to remove the reclusive portions and a first edition of the expurgated Talmud, on which most subsequent editions were based, appeared at Basel (1578–1581) with the omission of the entire treatise of ‘Abodah Zarah and of passages considered inimical to Christianity, together with modifications of certain phrases.
1593 AD: TALMUD — Attack on the edited Talmud was decreed by Pope Gregory XIII (1575–1585), and in 1593 Clement VIII renewed the old interdiction against reading or owning it.
1602 AD-1605 AD: TALMUD — Increasing study of the Talmud in Poland led to the issue of a complete edition restoring the original murderous and perverted texts
1645 AD: TALMUD — In Basel, Switzerland the whole Talmud was published in installments.
1648 AD: TALMUD — In Amsterdam the Benveniste Talmud was published and may have been based on the censored Lublin Talmud and included many of the censors’ errors.
1707 AD: TALMUD — Some copies of the Talmud were confiscated in the province of Brandenburg, Germany but were restored to their owners by command of Frederick, the first king of Prussia.
1757 AD: TALMUD — A further attack on the Talmud took place in Poland (in what is now Ukrainian) when Bishop Dembowski, at the instigation of the Frankists, convened a public disputation at Kamianets-Podilskyi, and ordered all copies of the work found in his bishopric to be confiscated and burned.
1795 AD: TALMUD — Slavuta, Ukraine Talmud edition was published by the Szapira brothers and is prized by many rebbis of Hasidic Judaism.
1800s AD: TALMUD — The Vilna edition of the Talmud was subject to Russian government censorship. Many of these censored portions were recovered from uncensored manuscripts in the Vatican Library. Some modern editions of the Talmud contain some or all of this material, either at the back of the book, in the margin, or in its original location in the text.
1830 AD: TALMUD — French Chamber of Peers regarding state recognition of the Jewish faith, Admiral Verhuell declared himself unable to agree due to their refusal to recognize Jesus as the Messiah or for their possession of the Talmud. In the same year the Abbé Chiarini published a voluminous work entitled Théorie du Judaïsme, in which he announced a translation of the Talmud, advocating for the first time a version that would make the work generally accessible, and thus serve for attacks on Judaism: only two out of the projected six volumes of this translation appeared. Of course, the totally inappropriate term “anti-Semitism” was tossed around repeatedly even though 90+% are Khazar Ashkenazis with virtually no Semite DNA.
1835 AD: TALMUD — Vilna Lithuania Talmud edition was published after an acrimonious dispute with the Szapira family. This edition has been used in the production of more recent editions of Talmud Bavli. The text of the Vilna editions is considered not to be uniformly reliable.
1890s AD: TALMUD — Brisker method of studying the Talmud by Rabbi Hayyim Soloveitchik (1853–1918). His method involves a highly analytical analysis of the differing opinions by placing them within a categorical structure.
1892 AD: TALMUD — Focus on the Anti-Humanity character of the Talmud led to publication of “The Talmud Unmasked: The Secret Rabbinical Teachings Concerning Christians (1892).”
1898 AD: TALMUD — An uncensored text edition called the Goldschmidt Talmud with German translation was published.
1908 AD: TALMUD — R. Rafael Nata Rabbinowicz, compiled the Dikduke Soferim, which recorded the variant readings in the Talmud using the famed Munich Manuscript 95 — published a series of volumes showing textual variants from early manuscripts and printings. 1870s and 1880s Rabbi Raphael Natan Nata Rabbinovitz engaged in historical study of Talmud Bavli and since then many Orthodox rabbis have approved of his work.
1960s AD: TALMUD — New edition under the name of Gemara Shelemah (complete Gemara) under the editorship of Menachem Mendel Kasher but was not completed due to his death. This edition contained a comprehensive set of textual variants and a few selected commentaries.
1960s AD-1980s AD: TALMUD — Talmud El Am, “Talmud to the people”, was published in Israel
1964 AD: TALMUD — Focus on the Anti-Humanity character of the Talmud led to publication of Elizabeth Dilling’s “The Plot against Christianity (1964).”
1969 AD: TALMUD — The Steinsaltz Talmud in modern Hebrew
1984 AD-1995 AD: TALMUD — The Talmud of Babylonia. An American Translation.
1989 AD: TALMUD — The Steinsaltz Talmud in English – first volume published 1989
1990-2004 AD: TALMUD — The Schottenstein Talmud in English, in which the translation of the text is shown in bold and explanations are interspersed in normal type.
1991 AD-Today: TALMUD — The Iraqi rabbi Yaakov Chaim Sofer notes that the text of the Gemara has had changes and additions, and contains statements not of the same origin as the original. Some scholars hold that there has been extensive editorial reshaping of the stories and statements within the Talmud. Some scholars are indeed using outside sources to help give historical and contextual understanding of certain areas of the Babylonian Talmud. The Talmud represents the written record of an iffy oral tradition. Conservative Judaism accepts the Talmud as authoritative. The Pharisees were later known as Rabbinic Judaism and involved their rejection of an Oral Torah and their denying a resurrection after death. Another movement that rejected the oral Torah was Karaism that developed as a reaction against the Talmudic Judaism of Babylonia and rejects the Oral Torah in favor of a strict adherence to the Old Testament. 1800s AD Reform Jews saw the Talmud as a product of late antiquity, having relevance merely as a historical document. Calling it a collection of controversies, dissertations, and prescriptions commonly designated by the name Talmud possesses for us no authority, from either the dogmatic or the practical standpoint. South Koreans reportedly hope to emulate Jews’ high academic standards by studying Jewish literature including the Talmud.
2012 AD: TALMUD — Steinsaltz Talmud, a new, modern English translation and the commentary of Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz includes color photos and illustrations.
2012 AD-2017 AD: TALMUD — Noé Edition of the Koren Talmud Bavli, by Adin Steinsaltz in Jerusalem.
2017 AD: TALMUD — William Davidson Talmud was released.